Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
(John) Brian Statham (born June 17, 1930, Manchester; died June 10, 2000, Stockport, Cheshire) was one of the finest bowlers in the history of cricket. Initially a bowler of a brisk fast-medium pace, Statham was able to remodel his action to generate enough speed to become genuinely fast. This, together with unflagging accuracy and the ability to make the ball - new or old - break back, made Statham a consistent force both for Lancashire in the County Championship and in Test cricket, where his strikepower helped give England its strongest attack of the twentieth century during the 1950s. In all, he took 252 wickets in Test matches, a tally bettered only by Freddie Trueman at the time.
Statham was remarkably gentlemanly for a fast bowler and would almost never bowl a bouncer (and warn the batsmen beforehand if he did!), but his straight, full-length bowling could easily hit a batsman on the foot. Statham was also a brilliantly athletic out-fielder who was ideally suited to the one-day game when it emerged in the later part of his career.
Statham played his earliest cricket for the Denton club near Manchester, along with three brothers. At the age of eighteen, he came to notice of the Lancashire officials who needed considerable reinforcement for their bowling attack, and he was offered an engagement a year later, which he accepted.
In his first year, Statham had relatively little bowling to do because of the underprepared pitches at Old Trafford. Nonetheless, two fine performances against Somerset and Yorkshire and several valuable early wickets in other innigs gave him an excellent average even though he only took 36 wickets in the County Championship. This placed him top of the average amongst bowlers of pace, but at the time he was seen as only a promising newcomer who might strengthen a department in which England had been deplorably weak ever since the resumption of first-class cricket after World War II. However, when Engalnd were depleted by injuries in Australia, Statham and teammate Roy Tattersall were surprisingly called into the team despite no previous representative experience. Though Statham did not achieve anything of note in his initial Test, by the time the 1951 season began he had made a meteoric rise.
With Alec Bedser and the spinners doing most of the work against South Africa in 1951, Statham had to do very little in the Tests, but he only missed 100 first-class wickets due to injury and showed himself a formidable bowler on a pitch offering help. In India, his average was good, but the heat and humidity certainly seemed to take their toll upon his body and he did little in the Tests, with the result that he was not chosen for a Test match in 1952 even though he was gaining speed and straightness and was often extremely formidable. In 1953, Statham was within a whisker of heading the first-class averages and bowled wonderfully on the most placid of pitches against Hampshire, but Bedser ensured he was not needed in the Ashes Tests.
It was against the West Indies that Statham's determination saw him gain a regular Test spot. Excellent performances on placid pitches made him the leading bowler on either side with 16 wickets for 28.60 each, and in 1954 he was deadly when cricket was possible against Pakistan (injury kept him out of England's shock loss at the Oval). Statham was a Cricketer of the Year in the 1955 Wisden and headed the first-class averages for the first of four occasions, though he only took 92 wickets.
Into His Prime
Selected to tour Australia in 1954/1955, Stham's superb bowling, generally into the wind, helped the fiery "Typhoon" Tyson win England the Ashes series by three Tests to one, and against South Africa at Lord's the following year Statham produced his finest-ever Test performance: he bowled unchanged for two hours on a good pitch and took 7 for 39 to give England an unexpected victory. Had injury not intervened, Statham would have had remarkable figures for Lancashire, but in 1956, with pitches consistently favopuring spinners, Statham failed to reach 100 wickets but still showed himself a great bowler with 6 for 27 against the Australians.
On some dubious pitches in South Africa that winter, and in the following two summers, England's unparalleled spread of bowling talent again gave Statham little chance to show his ability, but in county cricket, even with no regular partner, Statham was still the most reliable bowler and almost never failed to produce some extraordinary analyses. In 1957 against Warwickshire at Edgbaston, he took 15 for 89; against Leicestershire at Old Trafford in 1958 13 for 64; and at Cardiff that year he and Tattersall bowled Glamorgan out for 26. His average of 12.29 that year was his best-ever but he was still only third in the first-class list due to the very helpful pitches.
Helped by Higgs to Incomparable Heights
With Ken Higgs providing the support Statham had been yearning for since he began, 1958 marked the beginning of Statham's greatest period. Despite England's "old guard" of May, Laker and Lock collapsing in the Australian tour of 1958/1959 and England losing four-nil, Statham bowled and beautifully as ever. his 7 for 57 at the MCG was seen as some of the best bowling ever seen at the ground and represents his best figures against Australia.
In the following two seasons, though pitches were covered for the first time, Statham carried all before him both at county and Test level. So good was he that in 1960 his speed and accuracy gave him an average of 10.91 from 19 county matches, and in the Tests against the South Africans he was equally formidable: taking 11 for 97 at Lord's and inflicting only the third "king pair" (out first ball in each innings) on "Tich" Wesley in the third match. the previous year, in an exceptional summer, Statham's consistency was shown by the fact that, with only one haul of six in an innings, he still took 97 wickets in 19 matches for 16.49 each. By 1960, Higgs' assistance, gave Lancashire so formidable an opening attack that until mid-August, they looked like winning the Championship. In many games, such as that against Gloucestershire at Bristol, they dominated proceedings in a way no other side could match. Against the West Indies in 1960/1961, Statham confirmed his position as the best bowler in the world with 27 wickets for 20 runs each on pitches offering bowlers very little.
Fading From the Heights
Despite a record benefit against the Australians and a few wonderful performances in 1961 (notably 8 for 47 against Hampshire), decline set in for the previously incomparable bowler, and with it Lancashire became a weak county for the first time in Championship history. Though he was as good as ever in the Tests against Pakistan, with weak batting and little support for him and Higgs, Statham fell further in 1962 and only just reached 100 wickets. In 1963, whilst his county form on overgrassed pitches was back to something close to his best, on the less grassy surfaces in the First Test against the West Indies his bowling lacked its old venom, and he was surprisingly replaced by the veteran Derek Shackleton for the rest of the series - a move criticised heavily in the press. A highlight that year came when Statham took five wickets in the first-ever Gillette Cup match against Leicestershire.
In 1964, Statham, despite the arrival of Sonny Ramadhin to provide help, was disappointing and out of contention for the Ashes Tests. He did take 15 for 108 against a weak leicestershire side, but had more bad matches than ever.
Troubled by internal strife, Lancashire chose Statham as a full-time captain for 1965 (he had led them a few times in 1962).
The cares of captaincy were, perhaps, not well-suited to Statham and many of the decision he made as captain between 1965 and 1967 were widely criticised - perhaps because Lancashire's form did not imrove from its poor level of the 1961 to 1964 period. Yet, as a bowler, Statham, aided he admitted by some atrocious and deliberately doctored pitches, was as deadly as ever in the 1965 County Championship, taking 124 wickets for 12.41 apiece, and doing almost as well in 1966 and 1967. He in fact was so good that England recalled him at the age of thirty-five for the last Test against South Africa in 1965, and Statham did not disappoint, with an excellent five for 40 in the first innings.
After being relieved of the Lancashire captaincy, Statham announced that the 1968 season would be his last - indeed he announced early on he would not play after the August Bank Holiday match with Yorkshire. With Lancashire no longer dependent on him due to Higgs' great form, Statham still went off on a high note with a first innings return of 6 for 34.
In his later years, despite his earnings as a cricketer, Statham was consistently troubled financially: in fact, he always lived in quite poor conditions off the cricket field. Even his appointment as present of the Lancashire County Cricket Club from 1995 to 1997 failed to improve his finances. Three years later, he died of leukemia a week before his seventieth birthday
- Statham's first-class career bowling average of 16.37 is the lowest among any bowler since 1900 who has taken over 2000 first-class wickets.
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