Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn
It is surrounded on the east by Court St and Cadman Plaza, on the west by the Brooklyn Heights Promenade, on the south by Atlantic Avenue, and on the north by the Brooklyn Bridge. It adjoins the Downtown, Cobble Hill and DUMBO sections. It is the part of Brooklyn closest to Downtown Manhattan, directly across the East River, and easily accessible via the Brooklyn Bridge and multiple subway lines.
Brooklyn Heights occupies a bluff that rises sharply from the river's edge and gradually recedes on the landward side. Before the Dutch settled on Long Island in the middle of the seventeenth century, this promontory was called Ihpetonga ("the high sandy bank") by the Canarsie Indians .
Brooklyn Heights, as of 2000, has a population of 22,493 people.
It is historically descended from the old Town of Brooklyn.
The neighborhood is largely composed of block after block of picturesque row houses. A great range of architectural styles are represented, including a few Federal-style houses rom the early 19th century in the northern part of the neighborhood, brick Greek Revival and Gothic Revival houses, and Italianate brownstones. Brooklyn Heights was the first neighborhood protected by the 1965 Landmarks Preservation Law of New York City. Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims is in Brooklyn Heights, as is St Ann's Church , which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Promenade cantilevered over the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway is a favorite spot among locals, offering magnificent vistas of the Manhattan skyline across the East River, as well as a view of the Brooklyn Bridge.
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