Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Camarillo is a city located in Ventura County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 57,077. It is located in the eastern Oxnard Plain , with the Santa Susana Mountains to the north, the Conejo Valley to the east, and the western reaches of the Santa Monica Mountains to the south. The Ventura Freeway (U.S. Highway 101) is the city's primary thoroughfare.
Camarillo is named for Adolfo Camarillo, one of the few Californios (pre-1851 California natives of Spanish ancestry) to retain his holdings after the arrival of Anglo settlers. Like most Ventura County cities, it is noted for its resistance to urban sprawl. Some of the most desirable land in the city limits, located on both sides of the Ventura Freeway, is permanently zoned for agricultural production.
For many years, the California State Mental Hospital was located in the city, so that persons suffering from mental diseases or tuberculosis could recover in Ventura County's balmy climate. (Jazzman Charlie Parker's "Relaxin' at Camarillo," written while he was detoxing from heroin addiction, is a tribute to the facility.) The mental hospital is the now the site of California State University, Channel Islands.
Camarillo is located at 34°13'32" North, 119°1'56" West (34.225607, -119.032207). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.1 km² (19.0 mi²). 49.0 km² (18.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.11% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 57,077 people, 21,438 households, and 15,242 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,164.2/km² (3,015.3/mi²). There are 21,946 housing units at an average density of 447.6/km² (1,159.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 80.66% White, 1.50% African American, 0.52% Native American, 7.23% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 6.32% from other races, and 3.57% from two or more races. 15.54% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 21,438 households out of which 33.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% are married couples living together, 8.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% are non-families. 24.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.12.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $62,457, and the median income for a family is $72,676. Males have a median income of $51,507 versus $36,240 for females. The per capita income for the city is $28,635. 5.3% of the population and 3.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 5.9% of those under the age of 18 and 4.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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