Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Canadian federal election, 1997
The Canadian federal election of 1997 was held on June 2, 1997, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. Jean Chrétien's Liberal Party of Canada won a second majority government. The Reform Party of Canada replaced the Bloc Québécois as the Official Opposition.
The election closely reflected the pattern that had been set out in the 1993 election. The Liberals swept Ontario, the Bloc took much of Quebec, and much of the west was won by Reform, particularly its Alberta base. The major change was that the New Democratic Party (NDP) and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada all but wiped out the Liberals in the Maritimes. Maritime voters, upset over cuts to employment insurance and other programs, defeated two cabinet ministers. David Dingwall, Minister of Public Works from Nova Scotia, and Doug Young, Minister of National Defence from New Brunswick, both lost to NDP candidates in a major blow to the Liberals.
Because of losses in the Maritimes, the Liberal majority was reduced considerably from the 1993 total. Mostly because of these wins in the Maritimes, Jean Charest's Tories and Alexa McDonough's NDP both regained official party status in the House of Commons. Independent member John Nunziata, who had been expelled from the Liberal Party for opposing the GST, was re-elected in his riding in Toronto.
Voter turnout was 67.0%, one of the lowest ever federal election turnouts.
|Party||Party Leader||# of|
|Before1||After||% Change||#||%||% Change||Liberal||Jean Chrétien||301||174||155||-10.9%||4,994,277||38.46%||-2.78%||Reform||Preston Manning||227||50||60||+20.0%||2,513,080||19.35%||+0.66%||Bloc Québécois||Gilles Duceppe||75||50||44||-12.0%||1,385,821||10.67%||-2.85%||New Democratic||Alexa McDonough||301||9||21||+133.3%||1,434,509||11.05%||+4.17%||Progressive Conservative||Jean Charest||301||2||20||+900%||2,446,705||18.84%||+2.80%||Green||Joan Russow||79||-||-||55,583||0.43%||+0.18%||Natural Law||Neil Paterson||136||-||-||37,085||0.29%||+0.00%||Christian Heritage||Ron Gray||53||-||-||29,085||0.22%||+0.00%||Canadian Action||Paul T. Hellyer||58||-||-||17,502||0.13%||n.a.||Marxist-Leninist||Hardial Bains||65||-||-||11,468||0.09%||+0.05%||Independent||71||6||1||34,507||0.46%|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
1 "Before" refers to standings in the House of Commons at dissolution, and not to standings at the previous election.
n.a. = not applicable - party was not recognized in previous election
Results by province
|Parties that won no seats:|
Source: Elections Canada
- Number of Parties: 10
- 1997 was one of only two elections in Canadian history (the other was 1993) where the official Opposition did not have the majority of the opposition's seats. 60 seats for the Reform Party, yet 86 seats for the other opposition parties and independents combined.
10 closest ridings
- Sackville—Eastern Shore, NS: Peter Stoffer, NDP def. Ken Streatch, PC by 41 votes
- Bellechasse—Etchemins—Montmagny—L'Islet, QC: Gilbert Normand, Lib def. François Langlois, BQ by 47 votes
- Selkirk—Interlake, MB: Howard Hilstrom , Ref def. Jon Gerrard, Lib by 66 votes
- Cardigan, PE: Lawrence MacAulay, Lib def. Dan Hughes, PC by 99 votes
- Bonaventure—Gaspé—Îles-de-la-Madeleine—Pabok, QC: Yvan Bernier , BQ def. Patrick Gagnon, Lib by 179 votes
- Saskatoon—Humboldt, SK: Jim Pankiw, Ref def. Dennis Gruending, NDP by 220 votes
- Humber—St. Barbe—Baie Verte, NF: Gerry Byrne, Lib def. Art Bull, PC by 232 votes
- Chicoutimi, QC: André Harvey, PC def. Gilbert Fillion, BQ by 317 votes
- Frontenac—Mégantic, QC: Jean-Guy Chrétien , BQ def. Manon Lecours, Lib by 465 votes
- Simcoe—Grey, ON: Paul Bonwick, Lib def. Paul Shaw, Ref by 481 votes
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details