Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Caput Medusae refers to the appearance of distended and engorged umbilical veins which are seen radiating from the umbilicus across the abdomen to join systemic veins . The name Caput Medusae (Latin: "head of Medusa") originates from the apparent similarity to Medusa's hair once Minerva had turned it into snakes.
Inferior vena cava obstruction
- Produces abdominal collateral veins develop to bypass the blocked inferior vena cava and permit venous return from the legs.
How to differentiate
- Caput Medusae - flow is towards the legs
- Inferior vena cava obstruction - flow is towards the head.
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