Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Karl Friedrich Benz (November 25 1844 - April 4 1929) was a German automobile engineer. He is generally regarded as one of the inventors (with contemporary Gottlieb Daimler) of the petrol-powered automobile, and was the son of an engine driver.
Born in Mühlburg (now part of Karlsruhe), Baden, Germany, he went to school at the Karlsruhe grammar school and Karlsruhe Polytechnic. He founded his first company, supplying building materials, in 1871. He married Bertha Ringer in 1872 and they had five children during their life together.
Benz started Benz & Co. in 1883 in Mannheim to produce industrial engines. It was there that he invented and patented various two-stroke engines. He later heard of a man, Gottlieb Daimler, who was working on a four wheeled vehicle. Daimler inspired Karl and he started working on his own motorwagen, with a four-stroke engine. Benz designed not only his engine, which was a single-cylinder, water-cooled, 958 cm³, 0.75 hp (560 W) unit, but the whole three wheeled vehicle, which was first driven through Mannheim in 1885 by his wife Bertha Benz(!).
In 1903 Benz retired from Benz & Co., but he remained a member of the supervisory board until his death. The Benz and Daimler firms merged to form Daimler-Benz in 1926 -- the company's cars since then are called Mercedes-Benz. He died in 1929 in Ladenburg upon Neckar, Germany.
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