Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The phrases area bombing and carpet bombing refer to the use of very large numbers of unguided gravity bombs to attempt the complete destruction of a target region, either to destroy personnel and materiel, or as a means to demoralize the enemy. The phrase probably is intended to invoke the image of bombs completely covering an area, like a carpet.
Subjects to cover:
- The origins of bombing theory with Giulio Douhet
- First use of area bombing on a civilian target: Bombing of Guernica, April 1937
- First use of area bombing on a military target: Battle of El Mazuco, Asturias, September 1937
- The bombing of London and other British cities in World War II, also known as the Blitz
- The systematic destruction of German and Japanese population centers during World War II particularly: RAF Bomber Command's Battle of Berlin (air). Firestorms created by RAF Bomber Command in the bombing of Hamburg and the bombing of Dresden and USAAF in the bombing of Tokyo.
- Strategic bombing
- The effectiveness of carpet bombing in the Vietnam War
- The use of B52s to bomb the Iraqi National Guard in the Gulf War (1990–1991)
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