Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Cathedral of Santa Eulalia
The Cathedral of Santa EulÓlia (also called La Seu) is the Gothic cathedral seat of the catholic Archbishop of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. (Though sometimes inaccurately so called, the famous Sagrada Familia is not a cathedral.)
The cathedral was constructed during the 13th to 15th centuries on top of a former Visigothic church. The Gothic-like fašade is much more recent: from the 19th century.
It is dedicated to Saint Eulalia , patron saint of Barcelona, a young virgin who, according to Catholic tradition, suffered martyrdom during Roman times. One story is that she was exposed naked in the public square and a miraculous snow fall in mid spring covered her nudity. The enraged Romans put her into a barrel with knives stuck into it and rolled it down a street (according to tradition, the one now called 'Baixada de Santa Eulalia').
The cathedral has a secluded Gothic cloister where thirteen white geese are kept (it is said that Eulalia was 13 when she was murdered).
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