Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Europeans were the second group to settle the area now known as Catonsville. It is generally believed by historians that native tribes, known as the Piscataway' established villages here before the European colonists arrived. This tribe occupied the land between the Potomac to the Chesapeake Bay and up the Patapsco River. Catonsville was located along the Piscataway Trail. The colonists and the tribes got along until the mid 17th Century, when the English government ended the practices of Catholic Missionaries in the area. It is believed that the tribes were driven from their villages and some were hunted by slave catchers. As happened in many areas of the early colonial America, diseases unknown the tribes were spread by the colonists. Eventually, the tribes moved north under the protection of the Iroquois.
With most of the natives scattered, the colonists expanded across Maryland. Present day Catonsville was settled in the 1700s. In the early 1800s, a county road along the Patapsco River was named the Frederick Turnpike, or later designated Route 144 was opened by the Ellicotts to service traffic between their flour mill, Ellicott Mills, and Baltimore. Catonsville as we know it today was settled along this route by Richard Caton, under the authority of his father-in-law Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Travelers along "the turnpike" as it was then known rested and conducted business in the area, causing Catonsville to grow.
The large Victorian and Colonial homes located in Catonsville were built by wealthy folks moving from Baltimore. Originally these communities were used for summer residences to escape the heat in Baltimore. Eventually, as with many communities, with the introduction of the automobile and electric trolley, families moved to Catonsville year round. The combination of wealthy families, businesses and government workers, wage earners and others combined to make up the Catonsville of today. Baltimore attempted over the years to annex Catonsville, the last attempt in 1918, but all attempts were rebuffed, and the community remains an unincorporated town in Baltimore County.
Catonsville is located at 39°16'26" North, 76°44'17" West (39.273756, -76.738012).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 39,820 people, 15,503 households, and 9,255 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 1,098.2/km² (2,843.9/mi²). There are 16,054 housing units at an average density of 442.7/km² (1,146.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP is 82.28% White, 11.83% African American, 0.22% Native American, 3.61% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 15,503 households out of which 25.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% are married couples living together, 9.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% are non-families. 33.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 17.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.30 and the average family size is 2.98.
In the CDP the population is spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 81.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP is $53,061, and the median income for a family is $67,005. Males have a median income of $44,705 versus $33,420 for females. The per capita income for the CDP is $25,254. 4.6% of the population and 2.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.3% of those under the age of 18 and 4.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Persons of Note
- Daniel Berrigan & Philip Berrigan, renowned peace activists.
- Emily Spencer Hayden, photographer.
- Charles S. Roberts, known as "The Father of Wargaming".
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