Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. It is his or her responsibility to determine the agenda for each meeting, and ensure that everyone operates in an efficient manner and in accordance with any previously agreed rules. He or she may also be entrusted with various other executive powers. Chairman also means chair “manager” and hence is shortened to chairman. However, in order to avoid what some see as sexist assumptions, the position is nowadays sometimes called chairperson or simply the chair. Alternatively, the title of chairwoman may be used if the incumbent is female.
So far as the boards of public companies are concerned, the role of the Chairman of the board as distinct from that of the company's Chief Executive Officer or Managing Director has in recent times been brought into focus, as the result of alleged corporate governance shortcomings observed in companies in which the two roles are combined. A pivotal document setting out recommendations is the Cadbury Report, the recommendations of which have been adopted to greater or lesser extent by the European Union, USA, the World Bank and others.
It is common for "chair persons" to hold memberships of several boards and committees at one time. Diversifying board memberships gives a broader sense of what is appropriate and "fitting" when making decisions.
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