Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Chelyabinsk (Russian Челя́бинск; also transliterated as "Cheljabinsk", "Čeljabinsk", and "Čelyabinsk") is a Russian city just to the east of the Ural Mountains. It is the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast. As of 2002, its population was 1,078,300.
Chelyabinsk is located at 55°03'-55°19' N, 61°08'-61°17' E.
Chelyabinsk is one of major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industy predominates. During World War II, Stalin decided to move a lot of Russian factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies — Chelyabinsk was one of the factory cities that was built pretty much from scratch at this time. A small town existed before this, which can be found in the centre of the city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, and it gained the town nickname "Tankograd". A nuclear accident in 1957 still has effects on the population, although not as severe as Chernobyl.
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