Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
It is best known as the summer residence of the early Qing Dynasty emperors. The elaborate mountain resort they constructed there in the 18th century features large parks with lakes, pagodas, and palaces ringed by a wall. Outside the wall are the Eight Outer Temples , built in varying architectural styles drawn from throughout China. The most impressive of these is the Putuo Zongcheng (普陀宗乘, Pinyin: Pǔtuó Zōngchéng) built to resemble Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. The mountain resort and the outlying temples were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.
With road and railroad links to Beijing, Chengde has developed into a distribution hub, and its cultural sites have made it a popular center of tourism. The Jingcheng Expressway will connect it directly with central Beijing by 2006.
Chengde was formerly called Rehe (Jehol), and was the capital of the now defunct Rehe province.
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