Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Chino and its surroundings have long been a center of dairy farming, serving the considerable demands for milk products in Southern California and much of the southwestern United States. It is also well-known as the site of a major California state prison.
Beginning in the 1970s, it developed into a somewhat downscale suburban city, forming the western anchor of the Inland Empire region. Although the city's development has gradually taken on a more middle-class character, it is perceived by many Southern Californians as crime-ridden and smog-choked.
When the popular show The O.C. premiered on the Fox television network in August 2003, the show conveyed a very negative impression of Chino (the hometown of the series' hero) to its viewers. The city's mayor unsuccessfully demanded an apology from Fox.
Chino is located at 34°1'4" North, 117°41'24" West (34.017765, -117.689990). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.5 km² (21.1 mi²). 54.5 km² (21.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.05% is water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 67,168 people, 17,304 households, and 14,102 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,232.0/km² (3,190.5/mi²). There are 17,898 housing units at an average density of 328.3/km² (850.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 55.70% White, 7.82% African American, 0.93% Native American, 4.92% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 25.56% from other races, and 4.86% from two or more races. 47.39% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 17,304 households out of which 47.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% are non-families. 14.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.43 and the average family size is 3.77.
In the city the population is spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 124.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 133.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $55,401, and the median income for a family is $59,638. Males have a median income of $35,855 versus $30,267 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,574. 8.3% of the population and 6.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.0% of those under the age of 18 and 8.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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