Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Christian theology practises theology from a Christian viewpoint or studies Christianity theologically. Given the overwhelminmg influence exercised by Christianity, especially in pre-modern Europe, Christian theology permeates much of Western culture and often reflects that culture.
Sub-disciplines of Christian theology include:
- Theology proper - the study of God
- Bibliology - the study of the Bible and of its inspiration
- Christology - the study Christ, of his nature(s), and of the relationship between the divine and human in Christ
- Pneumatology - the study of the Holy Spirit
- Anthropology - the study of humanity, especially as it relates to the divine
- Angelology - the study of created spirit beings, including angels, demons, and Satan
- Hamartiology - the study of sin
- Soteriology - the study of salvation
- Ecclesiology - the study of the Christian church as a sociological institution and a hierarchical organization
- Eschatology - the study of the end times
The history of Christian theology interwines with Church history and covers important developments in philosophy and in the history of ideas. Specific issues such as heresy, Arianism, and the Protestant Reformation are of particular importance.
There are several methods to the study of theology. They are, in no particular order:
- Biblical Theology - studying theology as it is presented and develops through the Bible by focusing on progressive revelation.
- Systematic theology - studying theology by topic.
- Historical theology - studying theology as it has developed (and is developing) in history.
- Dogmatic theology - studying theology (or dogma) as it developed in different church denominations.
- Pragmatic or practical theology - studying theology as it relates to serving as a religious minister.
- Apologetics - studying Christian theology as it compares to other worldviews.
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