Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Little is known about the clan from before the 13th century. The earliest known members may include:
- Sir Laurence le Grant, Sheriff of Inverness, who "rendered accounts to the Scottish Exchequer in 1263 and 1266"
- Richard le Grant, Chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, who was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury in 1229
- William le Graunt, said by Henry III of England to have travelled to Scotland with Alexander III of Scotland
Members of Clan Grant have owned land in Strathspey at least since 1316, most likely in Stratherrick, to the east of Loch Ness. In 1316, John Grant of Inverallan sold his land to John le Grant, who was father of Patrick le Grant, Lord of Stratherrick. The clan's lands in Strathspey would later become controlled by Clan Fraser .
15th and 16th centuries
The next available reference is of Duncan le Grant in 1434, and later, Sir Duncan Grant of Freuchie (Castle Grant), who inherited land in Dulnain valley in upper Speyside from his mother, Matilda of Glencarnie. Her family had partially owned it since 1180, when Richard I of England gave Kinveachy (approximately ten miles southwest of Castle Grant) to Gilbert, 3rd Earl of Strathearn.
By the late 15th century, Clan Grant became an important clan in the Scottish Highlands. During this period, the clan's actions resulted in the murder of the Earl of Moray and the defeat of the Earl of Argyll at Glenlivet.
In the 16th century, Sir James Grant of Grant, 16th Chief, led the clan to fight for Charles I of England and the Royalists. Also, an alliance between Sir James and the Earl of Huntly led to the annihilation of the Farquharson Clan .
In 1707, England and Scotland were officially united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. There were two uprisings against this in 1715 and 1745. These divided clans and families between supporting the Hanoverians and the Jacobites. The Hanoverian Grants of Freuchie fought with Colonel Livingstone against the Jacobites at the Battle of Cromdale, and against the Jacobite Grants of Glenmoriston. However, in 1745, over 800 Hanoverian Grants of Freuchie refrained or refused to fight against Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie). Meanwhile, the Jacobite Grants of Glenmoriston decided to fight at the Battle of Prestonpans and by reinforcing Prince Charles's army, are responsible for the Jacobite victory.
The Jacobite defeat at the Battle of Culloden was due to poor and inefficient strategy. The Jacobite Grants of Glenmoriston suffered heavy losses and were pursued. The Hanoverian Grants of Freuchie persuaded 70 Jacobite Grants of Glenmoriston to return to Inverness and surrender in return from freedom. They were captured and sent to the British colonies in slavery. The Duke of Cumberland burned Grant of Glenmoriston’s house and destroyed his lands. Glenmoriston had been included on the 1st Bill of Punishment, but his name was later removed and his estate was returned to him. After being defeated, Prince Charles fled and was given shelter by the 'Seven Men of Glenmoriston', one of whom was 'Black' Peter Grant. Peter Grant remained loyal to the Prince even while everything he owned was destroyed.
18th and 19th century
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