Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Coat of Arms of Prince Edward Island
The coat of arms of Prince Edward Island, known officially as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of the Province of Prince Edward Island, was begun when the shield and motto in the achievement were granted in 1905 by royal warrant of the late King Edward VII.
In the chief of the shield is the lion passant (or "leopard") of England. The lower portion depicts three oak saplings, representing the Island's three counties, beneath a mature oak that originally represented Great Britain.
The additions to the arms were granted on 26 April 2002, and the process was completed on December 13, 2002, when Adrienne Clarkson, Governor-General of Canada, unveiled the crest, supporters, and compartment, after which the full achievement was taken into official use. This was requested by Island Premier Pat Binns to commemorate the 150th anniversary of responsible government on the island.
The supporters are silver foxes, rare animals native to the region; fur farming was perfected on Prince Edward Island, and Island silver fox fur was prized. The fox also represents sagacity and wit. To denote other Island industries, one fox wears a garland of potato blossoms, and another one wears a length of fishing net.
The compartment centres on a Mi'kmaq eight-pointed star symbol representing the sun; this is surrounded by roses for England, lilies for France, thistles for Scotland, and shamrocks for Ireland, as well as Lady's Slippers, the floral emblem of the Island.
- ...etiam Parnasia laurus parva sub ingenti matris se subicit umbra.'
- ...so too a small plant, beneath its mother's mighty shade, upshoots the laurel-tree of Parnassus.
It has been the Island's motto since 1769.
The shield was blazoned by Royal Warrant on May 30, 1905, as:
- Argent on an island Vert, to the sinister an oak tree fructed, to the dexter thereof three oak saplings sprouting all proper, on a chief Gules a lion passant guardant Or.
The warrant also specified the motto Parva sub ingenti.
This was augmented by proclamation, recorded in the PEI Royal Gazette, December 21, 2002, with the following:
- A HELMET: Or mantled Gules doubled Argent with a wreath of these colours;
- AND FOR A CREST: On a grassy mount a blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata) reguardant crowned with the Royal Crown and bearing in its beak a leaf of the red oak tree (Quercus rubra L.) fructed proper;
- AND FOR SUPPORTERS: Two foxes (Vulpes fulva) Sable embellished Argent, that to the dexter gorged with a collar of potato blossoms proper, that to the sinister gorged with a length of fishnet Argent, both on a mount Vert set with a Mi'kmaq star Azure between lady's slipper flowers (Cypripedium acaule), red roses, thistles, shamrocks and white lilies proper.
Other Canadian coats of arms
- Prince Edward Island
- Flag of Prince Edward Island
- List of Canadian provincial and territorial symbols
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