Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A communauté urbaine (Urban Communauty in English) is the higher degree of intercommunal cooperation in France.
It has been created by the law of december 31 1966 in a few cities (ie Bordeaux, Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg). The goal was, after teh failing of the merging of communbes, to erase the gap between existing metropolitan government and geographic reality of these agglomerations.
Unlike in the communautés d'agglomération and communautés de communes, a commune can not leave freely a communauté urbaine.
There were in 2004 14 communautés urbaines, with 6 millions inhabitants.
Communautés urbaines include
- Urban Community of Lyon (Grand Lyon, or COURLY)
- Urban Community of Lille Métropole
- Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole
- Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB)
- Urban Community of Nantes (Nantes Métropole)
- Urban Community of Strasbourg (CUS)
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