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Communist Party of Spain (marxist-leninist)
Partido Comunista de España (marxista-leninista) (Communist Party of Spain (Marxist-Leninist)) is a communist political party in Spain. The party was formed in 1964 through the merger of splinter groups of PCE. PCE(m-l) followed the line of the Communist Party of China. In 1976 PCE(m-l) took the side of the Party of Labour of Albania against CCP.
At meeting in Paris January 1971 PCE(m-l) launched the Coordinating Committee of FRAP (Frente Revolucionario Antifascista y Patriótico). In 1974 FRAP held its constituent conference. Initially FRAP was led by Julio Álvarez del Bayo (later in PSOE). FRAP carried out armed actions against the Franco regime. The execution of three FRAP members along with two members of ETA on September 27 1975 brought world-wide condemnation of the regime.
Other fronts of PCE(m-l) were:
- Convención Republicana de los Pueblos de España
- Juventud Comunista de España (marxista-leninista)
- Frente Universitario Democrático Español
- Unión Popular Antifascista
PCE(m-l) published Revolución Española.
In 1992 the sixth and last congress of PCE(m-l) was held. The congress dissolved the party. An agreement was made to form a new party, Partido Comunista Democratico. But that party was never founded. The main leader of PCE(m-l) Raúl Marco had broken away in 1991 to form the Colectivo Octubre, which evolved into Organización Comunista Octubre .
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