Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. Students who are enrolled at a college or university but who live off-campus are also typically referred to as commuters in North America.
Commuting is largely a phenomenon which exists in industrialised societies, where access to modern modes of travel such as cars, trains, busses and bicycles has enabled people to live far from their workplace. Prior to the 19th century most people lived within walking distance of their workplace.
Many large cities or conurbations are surrounded by commuter belts, also known as metropolitan areas, where people who work in the city or conurbation live. These regions are often called commuter towns, dormitory towns, or bedroom communities.
As urban sprawl pushes farther and farther away from central business districts, new businesses can appear in outlying cities, leading to the existence of the reverse commuter who lives in a core city but works in the suburbs.
The word 'Commute' is derived from the reduced or 'commuted' fare paid by the purchaser of a rail season ticket, where a lesser amount is paid, in advance, for a ticket covering journeys for a period into the future. In general, the longer the validity of the ticket, the greater the discount will be.
- Bicycle commuting
- Commuter train
- Journey to work
- Transit-oriented development
- Urban planning
- Urban sprawl
- US Commuting Averages (2002)
- Some Commuters are travelling from France to London
- A King's College Student's Daily Commute
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