Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The copulative a (also a copulativum, a athroistikon) is the prefix a- expressing unity in Ancient Greek, e.g. in a-delphos "brother", from *sm̥-gu̯elbhos literally "from the same womb" (c.f. Delphi). it goes back to a PIE *sm̥-, cognate to English same (see also Symbel). The disappearance of the s- is a specifically Greek sound law, and the cognate forms in other languages typically still preserve it, e.g. Sanskrit saṃ-, present e.g. in the term for the language itself, viz. saṃ-skṛtā "put together".
See also: privative a.
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