Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam teach that Creation is the origin of the totality of the universe by the action of God. Even more particularly, every type of existence is also owing to the act of God. (See Tzimtzum.)
Among monotheists, it has historically been most commonly believed that, living things are the creation of God, and are not the result of a process inherent in originally non-living things, unless this process is designed, initiated, or directed by God; likewise, sentient and intelligent beings are God's creation, and did not arise through the development of living but non-sentient beings, except by the intervention of God.
Orthodox Judaism affirms that one God is the creator of all things, and that God created the first man and woman in his own image, and named them Adam and Eve.
It is a tenet of Christian faith (Catholic, Orthodox and most Protestant) that God is the Creator of all things from nothing ("from nothing" is usually understood in an absolute sense), and has made Man in the image of God, who by direct interference is also the source of the human soul. Within this broad understanding, however, there are a number of views regarding exactly how this doctrine ought to be interpretted.
- The Catholic church allows for both a literal and allegorical interpretation of Genesis, so as to allow for the possibility of Creation by means of an evolutionary process over great spans of time, otherwise known as evolutionary creationism.
- Other Christians, particularly, particular Young Earth Creationists and Old Earth Creationists, interpret Genesis as a historical account of creation.
- Liberal versions, in contrast to both of these views of acts of the Creator, may not understand any of these to be statements of fact, but rather, spiritual insights more vaguely defined.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Followers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and others within Mormonism, believe that physical reality (space, matter and/or energy) is eternal, and therefore does not have an absolute origin. The Creator is an architect and organizer of pre-existent matter and energy, who constructed the present universe out of the raw material.
Hinduism holds that God is the foundation of all being, and that the universe has a definite origin from God; and yet at the ultimate level, all assertions of a distinction between God and creation are meaningless. This is not to say however, that in some more superficial sense the assertion is not true, that God is distinct from the Creation brought forth. Therefore, according to Upanishadic teaching, it is not false to speak of Hindu Creationism (although it is ultimately meaningless).
- Biblical cosmology
- Cosmological argument
- Creation belief
- Creation (theology)
- Dating Creation
- Day-Age Creationism
- Divine simplicity
- Evolutionary creationism
- Gap Creationism
- Intelligent design
- Old Earth Creationism
- Timeline of the Universe
- Ultimate fate of the Universe
- Young Earth Creationism
- Theistic realism
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