Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Csongrád is the name of:
- an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in present Hungary,
- an administrative county in the former Kingdom of Hungary,
- a town in Hungary.
Csongrád is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It lies on the both sides of the river Tisza. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Békés. The capital of Csongrád county is Szeged. Its area is 4263 km².
Csongrád (former county)
Csongrád is also the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present Csongrád county, is presently in southern Hungary and northern Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.
Csongrád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Békés, Csanád, Torontál and Bács-Bodrog. The river Tisza flowed through the county. Its area was 3544 km² around 1910.
Csongrád county arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary, in the 11th century. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), a small part of the county (a small area around Horgoš in northern Vojvodina) became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia). The rest stayed in Hungary as Csongrád county.
After World War II, the southern part of former Csanád-Arad-Torontál county (the Hungarian part of pre-1918 Torontál county and the south-western part of pre-1918 Csanád county) was added to Csongrád county.
In the early 20th century, the districts and their capitals were:
- Tiszáninnen, capital Kiskundorozsma
- Tiszántul, capital Mindszent
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