Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Daejeon Metropolitan City|
|Revised Romanization||Daejeon Gwangyeoksi|
|Short Name||Daejeon (Taejeon;|
|Administrative Divisions||5 wards ("Gu")|
Daejeon Metropolitan City is a metropolitan city in the centre of South Korea, and the capital of South Chungcheong Province. It is the fifth largest city of South Korea with a population of 1,438,778 at the end of the year of 2003.
Before Gyeongbu railway passed through Daejeon, it was a small field called as Hanbat . In 1905 Gyeongbu railway started to transport, a station is built on the way from Seoul to Busan. Soon Honam railway was built to split at Daejeon. In 1932, the capital of Chungnam province moved from Gongju to Daejeon.
Latitude : N 36° 10' 50" ~ 36° 29' 47", Longitude : E 127 14' 54" ~ 127 33' 21"
Daejeon is the center of transportation, two highway backbones, Gyeongbu highway and Honam highway join in Daejeon and two major railways, Gyeongbu railway and Honam railway meet in Daejeon. KTX passes through Daejeon, it takes less than one hour from Daejeon to Seoul.
Daejeon has become the recipient of the country's effort to decentralize certain ministries of the national government. The middle of the city or the new downtown called Dunsan is where the effort has manifested itself. Newer, shiner, albeit structurally similar apartment complexes to that of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few short years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including the city's courts and the province's main parliamentary building soon followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The area is a place for the workers of the new Daejeon to live close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop in a new urban environment.
Daejeon is divided into 5 wards ("Gu").
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