Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia
The Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia (Danzig-Westpreussen) was a German administrative unit created in 1939 from Freie Stadt Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) and Polish Pomerania. The Nazi governor, Albert Forster, was later sentenced to death and executed for crimes against humanity. He operated his own concentration camp in Stutthof. The infamous mass murder site of Piasnica, where some 60,000 local Polish-Kashub intelligentsia were murdered, is located in the area. The Polish Catholic Church was severely persecuted and most Catholic priests were deported to concentration camps. However, most of Danzig's Jewish minority left the region in 1939, as Danzig was not then part of Germany. In March 1945 the region was captured by the Red Army, and after a few days of looting it returned to Polish administration.
Area: 26,057 kmē Population: 2,287,400 (1941)
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