Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Daun is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Neighboring districts are Euskirchen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Ahrweiler, Mayen-Koblenz, Cochem-Zell, Bernkastel-Wittlich, Bitburg-Prüm.
The district was created in 1815 when the Eifel area became part of Prussia. As most of the local industries had their traditional markets in France the district fell into a severe economic crisis. The construction of a railroad in the second half of the 19th century helped it to recover. The construction of the Nürburgring in 1927 was also an infrastructural project to help the local economy. The district was enlarged significantly in 1970-71, when the districts Mayen and Prüm were dissolved and parts were added to the Daun district.
The district is located in the Eifel mountains. Most notable are the vulcanic caldera lakes, called Maar. The biggest river in the district is the Kyll.
Coat of arms
|The coat of arms show the symbols of three territories which historically made up the district. In the left is the cross of Trier, the lion in the right represents the Counts of Blankenheim-Gerolstein. The escutcheon in the middle show the arms of the Counts of Daun.|
Towns and municipalities
- Official website (German)
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