Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Right Honourable David Trimble (born October 15, 1944) is a Northern Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the former First Minister of Northern Ireland. He shared the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize with John Hume of the Social Democratic and Labour Party.
Trimble was born in 1944. He was educated in Bangor and at Queen's University, Belfast. He qualified as a barrister and began to lecture in law in 1968. He was elected to the Northern Ireland Convention in 1975 as a Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party member for South Belfast and for a time he served as the party's deputy leader. When the Vanguard party collapsed he joined the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in 1978 and became party secretary. He was elected to Westminster in a by-election in Upper Bann in 1990. In 1995 Trimble was unexpectedly elected leader of the UUP, defeating the front-runner John Taylor. His election as party leader came in the aftermath of his leading role in the forcing of a highly controversial Orange Order (of which Trimble is a member) march, amidst widespread violence, through a Catholic enclave in Portadown, County Armagh in the heart of Trimble's Upper Bann constituency.
He opposed the role of the American Senator George Mitchell as chairman of the multi-party talks which resulted in the Belfast Agreement of 1998. Trimble was seen as instrumental in getting his party to accept the unprecedented agreement. Later in 1998 Trimble and John Hume were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland. Trimble was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly and subsequently became First Minister of Northern Ireland. The assembly was, however, suspended after only two months, but was reinstated again in 2000 after a statement by the IRA on arms decommissioning. In October 2000 Trimble was forced to suspend Sinn Féin members of the assembly from attending cross-border ministerial meetings with their conterparts in the Republic of Ireland. Since then things have deteriorated for Trimble - in 2002 the Assembly and Executive were suspended again, and in 2003, the Democratic Unionist Party became the largest unionist party in the province. Later, a UUP MP Jeffrey Donaldson resigned from the party.
- Guardian Politics Ask Aristotle - David Trimble
- TheyWorkForYou.com - David Trimble MP
- Nobel Peace Prize for 1998 - Lecture by David Trimble
- BBC News - The Search for Peace: David Trimble
| Preceded by:|
| First Minister of Northern Ireland|
| Followed by:|
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details