Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Democratic Republic of Georgia
The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG, 1918-1921) was the first Republic of Georgia, established after the collapse of the Russian Tsarist empire in the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Declaration of the State Independence of Georgia was adopted by the National Council of Georgia on May 26, 1918 (see the photo).
The Democratic Republic of Georgia was ruled by the Government (Chairman: Noe Zhordania, Chairman of the Social-Democratic (Menshevik) Party) and the National Parliament — "Dampudznebeli Kreba" (Chairman: Karlo Chkheidze , one of leaders of the Social-Democratic Party; Deputy Chairman: Professor Ekvtime Takaishvili, one of the leaders of the National-Democratic Party). It was an established multiparty system: among the members of the Government and the Parliament were also representatives of the National-Democratic Party (Chairman: General Kote Abkhazi ), the Party of Social-Federalists (Chairman: Simon Mdivani ) and other political organizations.
The independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia was de jure recognized by Romania, Argentina, Germany, Turkey, Belgium, United Kingdom, France, Japan, Italy, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Russia and other countries.
On February 25, 1921, the Bolshevik Russia's Red Army reoccupied the country and Georgia became a Soviet republic. In March 1921, the legal Parliament and Government of the DRG were forced to leave Georgia.
Georgia was then forcibly merged with Armenia and Azerbaijan to form the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, one of the republics of the Soviet Union.
- "Legal Acts of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921)", Tbilisi, 1990, 494 pp. (in Georgian)
- Levan Urushadze. "Bolshevism-Menshevism and the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921)" (a monograph), Tbilisi, 1991 (in Georgian)
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