Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Diabetes mellitus type 2
- See diabetes mellitus for further general information on diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (formerly Diabetes mellitus type II and also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, NIDDM or adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder.
The onset of the disease is most common in middle age and later life. It can usually be controlled by diet and exercise, and unlike diabetes mellitus type 1 (juvenile diabetes) it often does not necessitate the use of insulin injections, because insulin production in the pancreas is still possible, although impaired.
The term non-insulin-dependent is a misnomer - some patients must start insulin therapy some time in the course of their disease.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is often associated with obesity and hypertension, and with the conditions insulin resistance and PCOS or Syndrome X. It is also associated with haemochromatosis, acromegaly, Cushing's syndrome and a number of other endocrinological disorders.
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