Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Digital sampling is the recording, playback, looping and editing of sound in a musical context using a computer to convert the sound into a series of numbers representing the measurement of the amplitude of the sound. The measurement or "sample" is taken at a regular interval.
For example, CD quality audio is sampled at a frequency of 44100 times per second. With one sample for each stereo channel. Each sample is 16-bits which can represent 2^16 = 65536 unique amplitude values for that point in time.
The highest frequency in the original sound that can be represented by the samples at a given sample rate without a kind of distortion known as aliasing is limited to half the sampling rate. See Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details