Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровськ, Dnipropetrovs'k; Russian: Днепропетро́вск, Dnepropetrovsk, formerly Екатериносла́в, Yekaterinoslav) is Ukraine's third largest city with 1.2 million inhabitants. It is located in the south-central section of the country, south of Kiev on the Dnieper river. Geographical location . Dnipropetrovsk is the administrative centre of the Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast'.
A vital industrial centre of Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk was one of the key centres of the nuclear, arms, and space industries of the former Soviet Union. In particular, it is home to Yuzhmash, a major space and ballistic missile designer and manufacturer. Because of its military industry, the city was a closed city (no foreigners were allowed there) until the mid-nineties.
Dnipropetrovsk has a highly-developed transportation system, including one metro line with 6 stations.
17th and 18th century until 1775: Cossacks, Kodak fortress , rivarly of Poland, Turkey and Russia in the region
The locale's history dates back to Cossack times.
In the Russian Empire: 1775 - 1917
The city was founded in the 18th century as a result of southern expansion of the Russian Empire. One former name, Yekaterinoslav, translates in English to "The glory of Yekaterina" (Catherine the Great).
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