Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Bangkok International Airport
Bangkok International Airport (Thai ท่าอากาศยานกรุงเทพ, also Don Mueang, Thai ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง) or also known as Don Muang International Airport is an airport in Bangkok, Thailand. The airport was officially opened on March 27th 1914, although the field had been in use earlier. The main field before the opening of Bangkok International Airport was the Sa Pathum airfield .
Bangkok International Airport serves the most air traffic in Thailand. Nowadays more than 80 airlines are on service and over 30,000,000 passengers, 160,000 flights and 700,000 tons of cargo are handled at this airport.
Vibhavadi Rangsit Road is the main route linking airport with downtown Bangkok. The Uttaraphimuk Elevated Tollway, running above Vibhavadi Rangsit, offered a more rapid option for getting into the city and connects to Bangkok's inner city expressway network.
Besides travelling by road, train is other choice for travelling to Hua Lamphong Station in the center of town. The railway station is across the highway and linked with the airport by walkway bridge.
Construction on Suvarnabhumi Airport started in 2002. When completed, all international traffic is expected to go the new airport and Don Muang will become domestic only.
History of disasters and near-disasters
On November 29, 1987, Korean Air Flight 858, which was flying from Abu Dhabi International Airport in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates to Don Muang to Gimpo Airport near Seoul, South Korea, exploded over the Andaman Sea after a bomb planted by North Korean agents exploded. Everyone on board died.
If Project Bojinka had not been discovered after a fire in Manila, Philippines, one or more aircraft owned by a U.S. carrier/s flying to this airport would have blown up over the Pacific Ocean on January 21, 1995 as part of the project's first phase.
On August 22, 1999, Mandarin Airlines Flight 642, which was landing in Tropical Storm Sam at Hong Kong International Airport in Hong Kong on a route from Don Muang to Hong Kong, rolled upside down on the runway. The plane came to rest upside down. 3 of the passengers died.
Bangkok International Airport has 3 Terminals.
International Terminal 1
- Check-in Rows 1-4
- Check-in Row 5
- Check-in Row 6
- Check-in Row 7
- Check-in Row 8
International Terminal 2
- Check-in Row 9
- Check-in Row 10
- Check-in Row 11
- Check-in Row 12
- Check-in Row 14
- Check-in Row 15
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