Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Drenthe is a province of the Netherlands, located in the north-east of the country. The capital city is Assen. It is bordered by Overijssel to the south, Friesland to the west, Groningen to the north, and Germany to the east.
|Queen's Commissioner||Relus ter Beek|
- % water
- Total (2002)
Throughout history, Drenthe has been a sparsely populated rural area, which has caused it to be an often undervalued or even ignored part of the Netherlands. Nevertheless, Drenthe has been populated since the prehistory. Most tangible evidence of this are the dolmens (hunebedden) built around 3500 BC, 52 of the 54 dolmens in the Netherlands can be found in Drenthe, concentrated in the northeast of the province.
After long being subject to the bishops of Utrecht, Drenthe came under control of Charles V in the 16th century. When the Republic of the Seven United Provinces was declared, Drenthe became part of it, although it did not gain provincial status until January 1, 1796.
The provincial council (Provinciale Staten) has 51 seats, and is headed by the Queen's Commissioner , currently Relus ter Beek . While the provincial council is elected by the inhabitants, the Commissioner is appointed by the Queen and the cabinet of the Netherlands. With 19 seats, the socialist PvdA is the largest party in the council.
The daily affairs of the province are taken care of by the Gedeputeerde Staten, which are also headed by the Commissioner; its members (gedeputeerden) can be compared with ministers.
Due to reorganisations in the 1990s, the number of municipalities in Drenthe has been reduced to twelve. Most municipalities therefore now consist of several towns and villages.
- Aa en Hunze
- De Wolden
Agriculture is an important employer, although industrial areas are found near the cities. The quietness of the province is also attracting a growing number of tourists.
- Official website
- Map (pdf)
- province map showing subdivision in municipalities, link for each municipality to basic data page
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