Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Edward Gawler Prior
Edward Gawler Prior (May 21, 1854 – December 12, 1920) was a mining engineer and politician in British Columbia. Prior moved to the province in 1873 to work for a mining company and later founded a hardware and machinery company.
Prior was first elected to the provincial legislature in 1886. In 1888, Prior won a seat in the Canadian House of Commons as a Conservative. From December 1895 to July 1896 and 1897 Prior served as Controller of Inland Revenue in the cabinets of Prime Minister Sir Mackenzie Bowell and his successor Sir Charles Tupper.
He lost his seat in 1901 due to violations of election rules. He moved to provincial politics and was elected to the British Columbia legislature in 1901 becoming minister of mines. In 1902 he became Premier leading the province's last non-partisan administration but was dismissed by the lieutenant-governor in 1903 due to charges of conflict of interest that involved giving an important construction contract to his own hardware buisiness, and lost his seat in the 1904 provincial election. He was also defeated that year in an attempt to return to the federal House of Commons.
Prior was appointed lieutenant-governor in 1919 but became ill and died in office within a year of his appointment. Edward Gawler Prior is interred in the Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria, British Columbia.
Prior was the last Canadian premier to be dismissed by a lieutenant-governor.
|- style="text-align: center;" | width="30%" |Preceded by:
Frank Stillmann Barnard | width="40%" style="text-align: center;" |Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia
1919-1920 | width="30%" |Succeeded by:
Walter Cameron Nichol
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