Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Until the Meiji reformation, Ehime prefecture was known as Iyo province. Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongol invasions.
The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto inland Sea.
On January 16, 2005 11 towns and villages from Ochi District merged into the (expanded) city of Imabari. Towns and villages involved in this merger were Asakura, Hakata, Kamiura, Kikuma, Miyakubo, Namikata, Omishima, Onishi, Sekizen, Tamagawa, and Yoshiumi.
The area around Matsuyama has a number of industries, including shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, and paper and textile products. The rural areas of the prefecture mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industires, and are particularly known for oranges and cultured pearls.
The meaning of Ehime is "beautiful maiden". Its name comes from Kojiki, referring this place as Ehime (愛比売).
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