Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Elections in Ireland
The Republic of Ireland elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a seven year term by the people (see below). Since 1985, citizens of the United Kingdom resident in the Republic have also been entitled to a vote.
Parliament or Oireachtas has two chambers. The House of Representatives or Dáil Éireann has 166 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation (single transferable vote) in multi-seat constituencies. The Senate or Seanad Éireann has 60 members, 11 members nominated, 6 members selected by the universities and 43 members elected from five vocational panels, all in short time after the parliamentary elections. The Republic of Ireland has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party.
Election results since 1923
|Irish general election, 1923||August 27, 1923||W.T. Cosgrave||Cumann na nGaedhael||1382|
|Irish general election, 1927 (June)||June 9, 1927||W.T. Cosgrave||Cumann na nGaedhael||98|
|Irish general election, 1927 (September)||September 15, 1927||W.T. Cosgrave||Cumann na nGeadhael||1615|
|Irish general election, 1932||February 16, 1932||Eamon de Valera||Fianna Fáil||343|
|Irish general election, 1933||January 24, 1933||Eamon de Valera||Fianna Fáil||1619|
Election results since 1937
Main article: Irish presidential election
The President of Ireland is formally elected by the citizens of Ireland once in every seven years, except in the event of premature vacancy, when an election must be held within sixty days. The President is directly elected by secret ballot under the system of the Alternative Vote. While both Irish and UK citizens resident in the state may vote in elections to Dáil Éireann (the lower house of parliament), only Irish citizens, who must be at least eighteen years of age, may vote in the election of the President. The presidency is open to all citizens of the state who are at least 35. A candidate must, however be nominated by one of the following:
- Twenty members of the Oireachtas (national parliament).
- Four local authorities.
- Themselves (in the case of an incumbent or former president).
Where only one candidate is nominated, he or she is deemed elected without the need for a ballot. For this reason, where there is a consensus among political parties, the President may be 'elected' without the occurrence of an actual ballot. No one may serve as President for more than two terms.
- Electoral calendar
- Electoral system
- Governments of Ireland
- Politics of the Republic of Ireland
- Irish Election Results
- Irish (UK) general election, 1918 - last all-Ireland general election
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