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In physics, electron mobility (or simply, mobility), is used to describe the relation between drift velocity of electrons or holes in a solid material or electrons/ions in a gas, and an applied electric field. The drift mobility is directly related to the electric field as follows,
- vd = μE,
where μ is the mobility.
In metric units, mobility is normally measured in cm2/Vs. Since mobility is a strong function of impurities in a materials as well as temperature, it is difficult to provide any values of mobility here for common materials. Mobility is also different for electrons and holes in a semiconductor.
In approximation the mobility can be written as a combination of influences from the lattice and from impurities by following equation:
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