Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Elk Grove, California
Elk Grove is a census-designated place and a city of 108,000 people in Sacramento County, California, located south of the state capital of Sacramento. As of the 2000 Census, the CDP had a total population of 59,984, but is one of the faster growing towns in California owing to proximity to Sacramento and expanses of undeveloped land (former agricultural lands).
Elk Grove is a California central valley town that first developed around agriculture, but has since become a residential suburb of Sacramento. "Old" Elk Grove is located about 1 mile east of State Route 99 (formerly U.S. Highway 99, the north-south artery of California central valley). Most newer housing developments in Elk Grove lie west of Hwy. 99, towards Interstate 5, now the major north-south artery for the U.S. West Coast, in an area locally called "Laguna" or "Laguna Creek".
The Elk Grove Unified School District is the 12th largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles, which is one-third of the county. For the 2002-03 school year, the district will serve more than 52,500 students and expects to reach 80,000 students by 2010. Of the 52,500 students, there are 34 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, and 11 comprehensive high schools.
More than 60 percent of the district's students are on a four-track year-round schedule, attend school for three months, and are off for a month. The district serves a diverse student population and students speak more than 80 languages.
There are also several private schools in town, such as Elk Grove Montessori School and Merry Hill Schools. A local community college—Cosumnes River College—offers both vocational training and a transfer program to four-year universities. Located nearby are California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis, as well as branches of Golden Gate University and St. Mary’s College.
Elk Grove’s climate varies from low temperatures of 24 to 44 degrees to highs of 80 to 110 degrees. Average annual rainfall is 22 inches per year falling primarily from October through April. Elevation is 45 feet.
The City of Elk Grove incorporated on July 1, 2000. They are a general law city and operate on the Manager-City Council type of governance. Elk Grove is in the 3rd and 5th Congressional Districts, the 10th and 15th State Assembly Districts, and the 1st and 5th State Senate Districts.
Major areas within the Elk Grove are West Laguna, which is the are between I-5 to the west and Franklin Blvd. to the east. Laguna Creek, with the borders being Elk Grove Blvd. to the south, Sheldon Blvd to the North, Franklin Blvd. to the west, and Highway 99 to the east. Elk Grove proper (including old Elk Grove) is borderd by Highway 99 to the west, Waterman Road to the East Calvin Road to the north, and Grant Line Road to the south. East Elk Grove is borderd by Calvine Road to the north, Grant Line Road to the east and south, and Waterman Road to the west.
As of the census of 2000, there were 59,984 people, 18,526 households, and 15,358 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,523.7/km² (3,947.0/mi²). There were 18,894 housing units at an average density of 479.9/km² (1,243.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.12% White, 8.52% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 17.59% Asian, 0.59% Pacific Islander, 6.44% from other races, and 6.79% from two or more races. 14.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 18,526 households out of which 49.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% are married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.1% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size is 3.51.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $60,661, and the median income for a family was $64,069. Males had a median income of $42,247 versus $33,119 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,916. 5.2% of the population and 3.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 6.0% of those under the age of 18 and 4.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
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