Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Emerson, Lake & Palmer
"ELP" can also stand for Extra Long Play , a format for the VCR tape.
The three members are:
- Keith Emerson (keyboards) born 2nd of November 1944
- Greg Lake (guitar, bass guitar, vocals) born 10th of November 1947
- Carl Palmer (drums, percussion) born 20th of March 1950
ELP formed in 1970. Their first four years were a creatively fertile period. They self-produced their first six albums, starting with Emerson, Lake and Palmer (1970), which contained the hit "Lucky Man". Tarkus (1971) was their first successful concept album, described as a story about "reverse evolution". The March 1971 live recording (Newcastle, UK) of the band's interpretation of Modest Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition was issued as a low-priced record, the success of which contributed to the band's overall popularity. The 1972 album Trilogy contained ELP's best-selling single, the understated "From the Beginning".
In late 1973 Brain Salad Surgery, with an eye-catching sleeve designed by H.R. Giger, was released and became the band's best-known studio album. The lyrics were largely written by Pete Sinfield . The subsequent world tours were documented with another live recording, Welcome Back my Friends to the Show that Never Ends. Their debut performance had been a relatively modest show at the August 1970 Isle of Wight Festival, which marked the end of the "flower power" era. By April 1974, ELP were top of the bill during the California Jam Festival, pushing co-stars Deep Purple to second billing. ELP's California Jam performance was broadcast nationwide in the US and is often seen as the summit of the band's career.
The ELP sound was heavily dominated by the Hammond organ and Moog synthesizer of flamboyant keyboard player Emerson. The band's compositions were heavily influenced by classical music in addition to jazz and — some say — hard rock. Many of their pieces are arrangements of, or contain quotations from, classical music, and they can be said to fit into the sub-genre of symphonic rock. Their style came in for heavy abuse from critics; a popular joke of the time went, "How do you spell pretentious? ...ELP." Onstage the band exhibited an unorthodox mix of virtuoso musicianship and over-the-top theatrical bombast. Their extravagant and often aggressive live shows received much criticism in this regard — although in retrospect it was all rather small change compared to later rock spectacles: the theatrics were limited to a Persian carpet, a spinning grand piano, a few bangs on huge Chinese cymbals and a Hammond organ being molested on stage. (It was the same sympathetic organ every time, called the L100, that was repaired overnight for the next show.) Their roadie at the time was Lemmy, who gave Emerson the knife that was used to force the keys on the organ to stay down instead of the screwdriver that Emerson had been forcing between keys for the purpose.
ELP then took a three-year break to reinvent their music — but they failed. The 1977 album Works is a testimony to their craftmanship, but ELP had lost contact with the changing musical scene. The band toured the US and Canada in 1977 and 1978 on a killing schedule of night after night performances — some with a full orchestra, which was a heavy burden on the tour revenues. These late-'70s tours found ELP working harder than ever to stay in touch with their audience. But as disco, punk rock and new wave styles began to alter the musical landscape, ELP could no longer generate the excitement of being forerunners in musical innovation. Eventually they drifted apart due to personality conflicts and irreconcilable differences concerning musical direction. Their last studio album of the 1970s, Love Beach (1978), was dismissed even by the trio itself, who admitted it was delivered to fulfill a contractual obligation.
In 1986, Emerson and Lake formed another "ELP" band with heavy metal drummer Cozy Powell. (Palmer declined to participate in a reunion, preferring to stay with Asia.) In 1987, Emerson and Palmer joined with Robert Berry to form the band 3 .
The original ELP lineup then reformed in 1991 and issued a come-back album, Black Moon, in 1992. Their 1992/1993 world tours were successful, culminating in a splendid performance at the Wiltern Theatre in Los Angeles in early 1993 that has been heavily boot-legged. But, reportedly, Palmer suffered from carpal tunnel syndrome and Emerson has been treated for a repetitive stress disorder in one hand. So it was no surprise that the follow up album In the Hot Seat (1994) did not live up to expectations.
Emerson and Palmer recovered to tour again. The last ELP tours were in 1996, 1997 and 1998. Their tour schedules brought them to Japan, South America, Europe, the USA and Canada and ELP played fresh new versions of older work. However enjoyable these tours were, ELP played in significantly smaller venues for significantly smaller audiences. Their last show was in San Diego, California, in 1998. Conflicts about a new album inspired a new and final break up. Greg Lake insisted on producing the next album, having produced all successful ELP albums in the early 70s. Keith Emerson complained in public (on the internet) that although he and Carl Palmer worked out on a daily basis to maintain their musical skills, Greg Lake hardly took effort to do the same. Lake admitted that he did not train his voice: a few live shows were generally enough to get it in shape, he claimed.
Keith Emerson has been touring Britain with his old bandmates from The Nice during 2003. Drummer Carl Palmer tours on an irregular basis with his Carl Palmer Band, playing electric guitar adaptations of ELP's keyboard work in the club circuit. Greg Lake has toured the USA with Ringo Starr in 2002.
- 1970 Emerson, Lake and Palmer
- 1971 Tarkus
- 1972 Pictures at an Exhibition (live)
- 1972 Trilogy
- 1973 Brain Salad Surgery
- 1974 Welcome Back My Friends to the Show That Never Ends... Ladies and Gentlemen, Emerson, Lake & Palmer (live triple)
- 1977 Works Volume I (double)
- 1978 Works Volume II
- 1978 Love Beach
- 1979 In Concert (live) - later expanded and remastered as Works Live
- 1986 Emerson, Lake and Powell (as Emerson, Lake and Powell )
- 1987 To the Power of 3 (as 3 )
- 1992 Black Moon
- 1993 Live at the Royal Albert Hall (live)
- 1993 The Return of the Manticore (4 disc box set)
- 1994 In the Hot Seat
- 1994 The best of Emerson, Lake & Palmer
- 1997 Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970 (live)
- 2001 Pictures at an Exhibition (remastered 1972 album, live and studio versions)
Band member websites
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