Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Emperor Chukyo of Japan
Emperor Chūkyō (仲恭天皇) (October 30, 1218 - June 18, 1234) was the 85th imperial ruler of Japan. He ruled from May 13 to July 29 of 1221, and was not officially listed as an emperor until 1870 due to doubts caused by the length of his reign. His personal name was Kanenari (懐成).
He was the first son of Emperor Juntoku. His mother was Ritsuko (?) (立子), daughter of Kujō Yoshitsune (九条良経)
Chūkyō was enthroned at the age of two following the deposing of his father, the Juntoku Emperor in preparation for the Jōkyū Incident, an unsuccessful attempt by Juntoku's father, the Retired Emperor Go-Toba, to overthrow the Kamakura Bakufu.
That same year, after the Jōkyū Incident, he was dethroned and replaced by his first cousin once removed Emperor Go-Horikawa, the nephew of Go-Toba.
Because of his dethronement just 2 months after the Jōkyū Incident, his enthronement was not recognized. He was known as the Kujō Dethroned Emperor (Kujō Haitei, 九条廃帝), the Half-Emperor (半帝), and the Later Dethroned Emperor (Go-Haitei, 後廃帝, a reference to Emperor Junnin who was often called Haitei, 廃帝)
Eras of his reign
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