Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Empress Meisho of Japan
Empress Meishō (明正天皇) (January 9, 1624 - December 4, 1696) was the 109th imperial ruler of Japan, reigning from December 22, 1629 to November 14, 1643. Her personal name was Okiko (興子) and her title was Onna Kazu no miya (女一宮).
In 1629, she became Empress after her father, Emperor Go-Mizunoo suddenly abdicated in the Purple Clothes Incident. By her enthronement, she became the first woman to occupy the throne since Empress Shōtoku, who died in 769. During her reign, her father Emperor Go-Mizunoo ruled in her name. In 1643, she abdicated in favor of her younger half-brother, who became Emperor Go-Kōmyō
Eras of her reign
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