Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Erskine Hamilton Childers
|Term of Office:|| 25 June 1973 - 17 November 1974|
died in office of a heart attack
|Number of Terms:||1|
|Predecessor:||Eamon de Valera|
|Successor:||Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh|
|Date of Birth:||November 11, 1905|
|Place of Birth:||London|
|Date of Death:||November 17, 1974|
|Place of Death:||Dublin, Ireland|
|First Lady:||Rita Childers|
|Nominated by:||Fianna Fáil|
|Other candidates:||Fine Gael: Tom O'Higgins|
Erskine Hamilton Childers (November 11, 1905 - November 17, 1974), the son of Robert Erskine Childers (the author of The Riddle of the Sands), served as the fourth President of Ireland from 1973 until his death in 1974. He served as a TD from 1938 until 1973. Childers served as Minister for Posts & Telegraphs (1951-1954, 1959-1961 & 1966-1969), Minister for Lands (1957-1959), Minister for Transport & Power (1959-1969) and Minister for Health (1969-1973). He was appointed Tánaiste of the Republic of Ireland in 1969.
Childers was born in London and educated in Britain, hence his striking British upper class accent. He became a naturalised Irish citizen in 1938. As a member of Fianna Fáil he held a number of ministerial posts in the Dáil in the cabinets of Eamon de Valera, Sean Lemass and Jack Lynch, becoming Tánaiste (deputy prime minister) in 1969. Erskine's period as a minister was controversial. One commentator described his ministerial career as 'spectacularly unsuccessful'. Others praised his willingness to take tough decisions. He was outspoken in his opposition to Charles J. Haughey in the aftermath of the Arms Trial, when Haughey and another minister, both having been sacked, were sent for trial amid allegations of a plot to import arms for the Provisional IRA. (Haughey and the other minister, Neil Blaney, were both acquitted.)
In a political upset, Childers was elected the fourth President of Ireland on May 30, 1973, defeating Tom O'Higgins by 635,867 votes to 578,771. Childers, though 67, was a vibrant, extremely hard-working president who earned universal repect and popularity, in the process making the office of President of Ireland a highly visible and useful institution. However, he died suddenly of a heart attack in November 1974, while making a public speech in Dublin.
Childers's state funeral in St. Patrick's Church of Ireland Cathedral in Dublin was attended by world leaders, including the United States Vice-President, Earl Mountbatten of Burma (representing Queen Elizabeth II), the British Prime Minister and leader of the Opposition, along with crowned heads and presidents from throughout Europe and beyond. Initially it was expected that President Childers' popular widow, Rita, would be offered the office of president to continue his work, but instead it went to former chief justice Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh.
Erskine was survived by his second wife, Rita, and children from both his marriages.
|- style="text-align: center;"
| width="30%" |Preceded by:
Newly created office | width="40%" style="text-align: center;" |Minister for Transport & Power
1959-1969 | width="30%" |Succeeded by:
John N. Young, Erskine Childers: President of Ireland
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