Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Escambia County, Alabama
Escambia County is a county of the State of Alabama. Its name is said to be from the name of a river in an American Indian language (but see Escambia County, Florida for another possible origin). As of 2000 the population was 38,440. Its county seat is Brewton.
- Escambia County was established on December 10, 1868.
- The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic.
- The county was declared a disaster area in September 2004 due to damage from Hurricane Ivan.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 38,440 people, 14,297 households, and 10,093 families residing in the county. The population density is 16/km² (41/mi²). There are 16,544 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 64.40% White, 30.79% Black or African American, 3.01% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 14,297 households out of which 32.00% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% are married couples living together, 15.10% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% are non-families. 26.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.40% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.48 and the average family size is 2.99.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $28,319, and the median income for a family is $36,086. Males have a median income of $30,632 versus $18,091 for females. The per capita income for the county is $14,396. 20.90% of the population and 15.20% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.70% of those under the age of 18 and 17.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns
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