Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Eugene A. Cernan (born March 14, 1934) is a former United States astronaut. He has been into space three times: as co-pilot of Gemini 9A in June 1966; as lunar module pilot of Apollo 10 in May 1969; and as commander of Apollo 17 in December 1972, when he became "the last man on the moon". He was also a reserve crew member for the Gemini 12, Apollo 7 and Apollo 14 missions.
A native of Chicago, Illinois, Cernan grew up in the town of Maywood. He graduated from Purdue University in 1956, with a B.S. in Electrical Engineering. He was commissioned into the Navy through the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps at Purdue, and became a Naval Aviator flying jets. In 1976, Cernan retired both from the Navy (as a Captain) and from NASA, and went into private business.
Cernan is one of only three men to voyage to the moon on two different occasions (the others being Jim Lovell and John Young), and one of only twelve men to walk on the moon. Cernan orbited the moon on Apollo 10, and landed on the moon on Apollo 17.
While on the moon on Apollo 17 he and his crewmate Harrison Schmidt performed three EVAs for a total of about 22 hours of exploration. Their first EVA alone was over three times the length Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent outside LEM on Apollo 11. During this time they covered over 35 kilometers in the Lunar Rover and spent a great deal of time collecting geologic samples that would shed light on the moon's early history.
As Cernan got ready to climb the ladder he spoke these words, the last ever spoken by a man standing on the moon's surface: "As we leave the Moon and Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came, and God willing, as we shall return, with peace and hope for all mankind. As I take these last steps from the surface for some time to come, I'd just like to record that America's challenge of today has forged man's destiny of tomorrow. Godspeed the crew of Apollo Seventeen."
He is the author of The Last Man on the Moon, his memoirs of the Apollo program.
"Yes, I am the last man to have walked on the moon, and that's a very dubious and disappointing honor. It's been far too long."
- Drew his daughter's initials TDC (Tracy Dawn Cernan) in the lunar regolith
- Motto: Take the word 'impossible' out of your dictionary
- There is a planetarium named in Captain Cernan's honor -- the Cernan Earth and Space Center on the campus of Triton College in River Grove, Illinois.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details