Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
European dark bee
The European dark bee (Apis mellifera mellifera) was domesticated in modern times, and taken to North America in colonial times. These small, dark-colored honeybees, sometimes called the German black bee, have the reputation of stinging people (and other creatures) for no apparent reason. Some colonies are very "runny" on the comb and so excitable that beekeepers consider them difficult to work with.
Apis mellifera mellifera is no longer a significant commercial subspecies of honeybee, but there are a number of dedicated hobbyist beekeepers that keep these bees in Europe and other parts of the world. Immigrants brought these subspecies into the Americas. Prior to their arrival, the american continent did not have any honeybees. The honeybee is non-native to America. Descendants of the original colonial black bees may also have survived in North America as feral bees. There are reports by beekeepers that, after the arrival of the Varroa mite on the american continent in 1987, some feral bee colonies survived.
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