Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Everglades National Park
|Nearest City||Miami, Florida|
|Date of Establishment||December 6, 1947|
|Governing Body||National Park Service|
|IUCN category||Ib (Wilderness)|
II (National Park)
Everglades National Park is a U.S. National Park which preserves the southern portion of the Everglades (all south of Tamiami Trail), but represents only 20 percent of the original wetland area. The Park covers 2,357 mi˛ (6,105 km˛) and is a World Heritage Site. The only highway access to the main part is Florida State Road 9336 and its extension in the park, running 38 miles (61km) from Florida City to the coast at Flamingo. Excluding the main visitor center and some smaller park facilities, there is no development in the park.
The area was designated a national park on December 6, 1947. The park was designated a International Biosphere Reserve on October 26, 1976. On November 10, 1978, most of the park was declared a wilderness area. Wilderness designations covered 1,296,505 acres (524,677 hectares) in 2003. The park was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on October 24, 1979 and as a Wetland of International Importance on June 4, 1987. However, in 1993 it was placed on the "World Heritage in Danger" list.
There are a number of car parks and trails within the Park, of which the most famous is the Anhinga trail. This trail allows very close approach to birds such as herons and anhinga. The latter birds often perch on the rails of the boardwalk.
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