Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Ewing Township, New Jersey
Ewing is located at 40°15'36" North, 74°47'20" West (40.259958, -74.788842).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 40.4 km² (15.6 mi²). 39.7 km² (15.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water, mostly consisting of the Delaware River. The total area is 1.73% water.
Ewing Township shares land borders with Hopewell Township, Lawrence Township, and the City of Trenton, all in New Jersey; the Delaware River separates Ewing from Lower Makefield Township and Yardley Borough, both in Pennsylvania.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 35,707 people, 12,551 households, and 8,208 families residing in the township. The population density is 899.3/km² (2,328.6/mi²). There are 12,924 housing units at an average density of 325.5/km² (842.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the township is 69.02% White, 24.82% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 4.44% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 12,551 households out of which 25.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% are married couples living together, 12.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% are non-families. 27.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 3.00.
In the township the population is spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.0 males.
The median income for a household in the township is $57,274, and the median income for a family is $67,618. Males have a median income of $44,531 versus $35,844 for females. The per capita income for the township is $24,268. 6.4% of the population and 3.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 5.4% of those under the age of 18 and 7.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Ewing Township was originally farmland punctuated by hamlets, including Ewingville, West Trenton, and Wilburtha. Since the beginning of the 20th Century, the township has developed as a suburb of Trenton, New Jersey. The sections near the city border are distinctly urban, but most of the township is suburban residential development. The main commercial district extends along North Olden Avenue Extension (County Route 622), originally constructed to connect north Trenton residences with the now-closed General Motors plant. Ewing Township is also the location of the New Jersey State Police headquarters, the New Jersey State Prison Farm, the New Jersey Department of Transportation headquarters, and Trenton-Mercer Airport (KTTN), the location of Trenton, New Jersey's weather observations.
The Ewing Township Board of Education oversees the Ewing Township Public School District. At present, this includes three elementary schools with kindergarten and grades 1 through 5 (Lore, Antheil, and Parkway), one middle school with grades 6 through 8 (Fisher), and one high school with grades 9 through 12 (Ewing). An adult school is also administered.
While not part of the public school system, The College of New Jersey is also located within the Ewingville section of the township.
Ewing Township is traversed by multiple main roadways, as well as by a passenger rail line and is the location of an airport.
New Jersey State Highway 29 (Daniel Bray Highway and River Road) extends north-south along the western edge of the township, along the Delaware River. The southern section, Daniel Bray Highway, is a 55mph, divided 4-lane facility with at-grade intersections and traffic lights, and was constructed in the 1950s. The northern section, River Road, is a 45mph, undivided 2-lane facility whose construction as a state highway dates from the 1930s. NJ 29 connects southwards to Trenton, New Jersey, and northwards to Lambertville, New Jersey and Frenchtown, New Jersey.
New Jersey State Highway 31 (Pennington Road) extends north-south towards the eastern side of the township. It is a 35-45mph, undivided 4-lane facility whose construction as a state highway also dates to the 1930s. It once also carried a trolley line, but it has long since been removed. It was once proposed to be bypassed by a freeway, but this plan has since been cancelled. NJ 31 also connects south to Trenton, New Jersey, and connects north to Pennington, New Jersey, Flemington, New Jersey, and Clinton, New Jersey.
United States Highway 206 (Princeton Avenue) skirts the southeastern section of the township. It is a 25mph, undivided 4-lane facility. Although part of US 206, it was not constructed and is not maintained by the state. US 206 also connects south to Trenton, New Jersey, and connects north to Princeton, New Jersey and Somerville, New Jersey.
Interstate 95 (the Scudder Falls Expressway and Bridge) crosses the northwestern section of the township. It is a 55-65mph, 4-6 lane divided freeway facility. It was constructed as a 4-lane facility in the 1960s, and widened to 6 lanes in the 1990s, with the exception of the Scudders Falls Bridge over the Delaware River. It connects south with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and connects north to United States Highway 1, where this branch of Interstate 95 ends. It becomes Interstate 295 and turns south, forcing travellers to utilize either United States Highway 1 or Interstate 195 and the New Jersey Turnpike to reach the next major destination northwards, New York City, New York. The Ewing portion of Interstate 95 will eventually be redesignated as Interstate 295 when a direct interchange between Interstate 95 in Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Turnpike is completed, re-routing Interstate 95 onto the New Jersey Turnpike at Exit 6.
Ewing Township also boasts a commuter rail facility, West Trenton Station , at the terminus of SEPTA's R3 Regional Rail line. This facility mainly serves commuter traffic to and from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The West Trenton Railyard, located just north of the West Trenton Station , serves freight trains daily as they travel along the Conrail-operated (ex-Reading Railroad) branch between Somerville, New Jersey and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Ewing Township is also the site of the Trenton Mercer Airport (TTN). This facility is the site of limited commercial flights to various east coast locations, as well as a substantial public recreational airport.
Ewing Township is also traversed by the Delaware & Raritan Canal near the Delaware River. Originally important to commerce and trade, the advent of railroads caused the canal's commercial demise. The strip of land along the canal is currently a state park.
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