Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
FA Community Shield
The FA Community Shield (formerly the Charity Shield) is an English association football trophy. It is contested in an annual match between the champions of the FA Premier League and the winners of the FA Cup. If a team wins The Double (both the Premiership and the FA Cup), the Double winner plays the Premier League runner-up. Traditionally the game is played on the weekend before the start of the regular domestic season. Currently, the game is played at Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales whilst Wembley Stadium is undergoing reconstruction.
The cup was first played for in 1908, replacing the Sheriff of London Charity Shield that had been introduced in 1898. It continued the professionals versus amateurs basis of the earlier cup (the gentlemen and players tradition). The first match was between Manchester United and Queens Park Rangers. The competition was not highly regarded, the games were informal, end-of-season clashes with both teams often assembled just for the game.
As time progressed, the professionals v. amateurs basis was dropped, and the competition format gradually evolved to become one between the FA Cup and League winners (although Southern League champions and Division Two winners were also occasionally involved) by about 1930; this format has been retained since, with the exception of the 1950 Shield, which involved the England World Cup XI against an FA team that had toured Canada that summer.
The date of the game was moved to the start of the season in 1959, and in 1974 then FA secretary, Ted Croker , created the current format with the game being played at the national stadium and the monies raised at the gate going to charity. The game is decided on the day with extra-time and a penalty shoot-out if the scores are level, though until 1993 the cup was shared if the game was drawn (with the exception of the 1974 match, which Liverpool won on penalties after a 1-1 draw).
The competition was renamed the Community Shield in 2002. A small scandal surrounding questionable distribution of monies raised for charities by the match led to a renaming of the match as part of a reform of the competition.
The most successful teams in the competition are Manchester United, winners on fifteen occasions (including shares). The highest scoring game was Manchester United's 8 - 4 win against Swindon Town in 1911.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details