Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Fairhaven was first settled in 1670 and was officially incorporated in 1812. It was founded on land purchased by English settlers of the Plymouth Colony from an Indian chief and his son, who was named Wamsutta.
Prior to the second half of the 19th century, whale oil was the primary source of fuel for lighting in the United States. The whaling industry was the mainstay for many New England coastal communities for over 200 years. The famous whaling port of New Bedford, Massachusetts is located near Fairhaven.
Among Fairhaven's natives was Henry Huttleston Rogers (1840-1909), who was a United States capitalist, businessman and philanthropist. Rogers was one of the key men in John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust. He later developed the Virginian Railway. Rogers and his wife Abbie Gifford Rogers, another Fairhaven native who was daughter of whaling Captain Peleg Gifford, donated many community improvements in the late 19th and early 20th century, notably including schools, the Town Hall, the Unitarian Church, and the Millicent Library.
Fairhaven was also home to Warren Delano II, grandfather of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Other famous people include John Cooke, last male Pilgrim; Joseph Bates, founder of the Seventh Day Adventists; Captain Joshua Slocum (first man to sail alone around the world, and his ship the Spray; "John" Manjiro Nakahama, first Japanese person to live in America.
World renowned marine painter and photographer William Bradford lived and worked in Fairhaven.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 16,159 people, 6,622 households, and 4,251 families residing in the town. The population density is 503.1/km² (1,303.4/mi²). There are 7,266 housing units at an average density of 226.2/km² (586.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 96.32% White, 0.60% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 6,622 households out of which 27.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% are married couples living together, 11.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% are non-families. 30.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 2.98.
In the town the population is spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $41,696, and the median income for a family is $52,298. Males have a median income of $38,201 versus $29,736 for females. The per capita income for the town is $20,986. 9.0% of the population and 6.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.4% of those under the age of 18 and 11.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Fairhaven is the headquarters of Titleist,Inc., a golfing products company.
- Millicent Library, Fairhaven MA, Henry Rogers homepage
- Mark Twain and Henry Huttleston Rogers in Virginia excerpts from their trips together to the 1907 Jamestown Exposition and the 1909 Dedication of the Virginian Railway
- Mark Twain's Correspondence with Henry Huttleston Rogers, 1893-1909
- Virginian Railway (VGN) Enthusiasts Group of preservationists, authors, photographers, historians, modelers, and railfans
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