Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Notre Dame
Not to be confused with the University of Notre Dame Australia
The University of Notre Dame is a Roman Catholic institution of higher learning located in Notre Dame, Indiana, USA adjacent to the City of South Bend. Notre Dame's picturesque campus sits on 1,250 acres (5 km²) containing two lakes and 136 buildings.
The school was founded in 1842 by Rev. Edward Sorin and French priests who were members of the Congregation of Holy Cross. The Indiana General Assembly incorporated the school on January 15, 1844 under the name University of Notre Dame du Lac.
While the translation of Notre Dame du Lac is "Our Lady of the Lake," the university actually has two lakes on its campus. According to legend, when Father Sorin arrived to found the school, it was November and everything was frozen. He thought there was only one lake, and named the university accordingly.
Rev. Edward A. "Monk" Malloy, CSC, PhD, is the 16th President of the university. He is serving his third five-year term. Malloy is also a full professor in the Department of Theology. Malloy also played varsity basketball for the Irish hoops squad while earning his Bachelor's degree in English (1963). Rev. John Jenkins, CSC, DPhil, will succeed Father Malloy in June 2005.
Colleges and Schools
- First Year of Studies
Established in 1962, the First Year of Studies is the college to which all incoming first-year students are admitted. Students are not in a major during the first year; rather, students make a declaration of a tentative intended program. Through the structure of the curriculum, the First Year of Studies responds to their uncertainty regarding the choice of college and major that many first-year students experience. The first-year curriculum also accommodates the academic needs of the students who have well-defined interests and have made a commitment to a specific college and major. In addition to the academic advising component of First Year of Studies, the Learning Resource Center provides workshops in learning strategies, time management, collaborative learning, and tutoring.
- College of Arts & Letters
Established as the University's first and only College in 1842, the College of Arts and Letters is the largest of the four undergraduate colleges. Housing eighteen departments in the fine arts, the humanities, and the social sciences, the College awards the Bachelors of Arts degree in over fifty areas or concentrations, the Masters degree in twenty-three fields, and the PhD degree in ten. The curriculum of the College offers students a contemporary version of the traditional liberal arts education. The faculty and administration of the College are dedicated to the Catholic concept of the unity of knowledge across disciplines, the life of the mind, and the critical engagement with the whole of human experience. Arts and Letters students are encouraged to view themselves as participants in and heirs of a rich intellectual and spiritual tradition.
Established in 1921, the College of Business seeks to advance knowledge through distinguished scholarship and research balanced with inspirational teaching and spirited service. Undergraduate degrees are offered in Accountancy, Finance and Business Economics, Management, Marketing, and Management of Information Systems. The College of Business also offers full-time and part-time MBA programs and is ranked among the Top Tier MBA schools in the United States by US News and BusinessWeek 2004 rankings.
- College of Engineering
The College of Engineering was established as a distinct unit of the University in 1920, although a program in civil engineering was offered in 1873. It is now organized into the departments of aerospace and mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering and geological sciences, computer science and engineering, and electrical engineering.
- College of Science
The University of Notre Dame awarded its first bachelor of science degree in 1865. Today, the College of Science offers curricula leading to the degree of bachelor of science in biological sciences, chemistry and biochemistry, mathematics, physics and preprofessional studies.
- School of Architecture
Courses in architecture were taught at the University as early as 1869 and the School of Architecture has offered formal instruction in architecture since 1898. Today, a five-year program leading to the degree of bachelor of architecture is offered. The program is accredited by the National Architecture Accrediting Board and the curriculum conforms to NAAB requirements for the professional degree in architecture.
- The Graduate School
Founded in 1918, the Graduate School comprises four divisions-engineering, humanities, science, and social sciences-and the School of Architecture, and includes thirty departments and programs offering master's and/or Ph.D. degrees in most of the major humanistic, scientific, and engineering disciplines. The University also offers professional studies leading to the M.B.A. and M.S.A. degrees in the Mendoza College of Business and the J.D., L.L.M., and J.S.D. degrees conferred by the Law School, as well as the M.Div. in the Department of Theology.
- Law School
Founded in 1869, the Notre Dame Law School is the oldest Roman Catholic law school in the United States. The Notre Dame Law program aims to educate men and women to become lawyers of extraordinary professional competence. Its national program is designed to equip students to practice law in any jurisdiction.
Its athletic teams are known as the Fighting Irish. Exactly where and how Notre Dame's athletic nickname came to be never has been perfectly explained. One story suggests the moniker was born in 1899 with Notre Dame leading Northwestern 5-0 at halftime of a game in Evanston, Illinois. The Wildcat fans supposedly began to chant, "Kill the Fighting Irish, kill the Fighting Irish," as the second half opened. Another tale has the nickname originating at halftime of the Notre Dame-Michigan game in 1909. With his team trailing, one Notre Dame player yelled to his teammates - who happened to have names like Dolan, Kelly, Glynn, Duffy and Ryan - "What's the matter with you guys? You're all Irish and you're not fighting worth a lick." Notre Dame came back to win the game and the press, after overhearing the remark, reported the game as a victory for the "Fighting Irish."
The most generally accepted explanation is that the press coined the nickname as a characterization of Notre Dame athletic teams, their never-say-die fighting spirit and the Irish qualities of grit, determination and tenacity. The term likely began as an abusive expression tauntingly directed toward the athletes from the small, private, Catholic institution. Notre Dame alumnus Francis Wallace popularized it in his New York Daily News columns in the 1920s.
Another such example is that of Father William Corby and the Irish Brigade of the American Civil War, dubbed "The Fighting Irish."
The school has a comprehensive and nationally competitive Division I athletic program, but it is most famous for its football program. Claiming 11 national championships, Notre Dame football is considered one of the most storied college football programs in America. Notre Dame is a member of the Big East Conference in all sports except for football, in which it maintains its status as one of a small handful of Division I-A independents; and hockey, which is not sponsored by the Big East. Its hockey program competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association.
Academia and literature
- Rev. Theodore Hesburgh - President Emeritus and Congressional Gold Medal recipient who holds the world record for most honorary degrees received.
- Barry Lopez - Author
- Nicholas Sparks - Author
Arts and media
- Tony Bill - Film producer
- Don Criqui - Sportscaster
- Phil Donahue - Talk Show Host
- Regis Philbin - Television Personality
- Mark Shields - Syndicated political columnist and commentator for CNN and The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
- Hannah Storm - Television Personality
- Anne Thompson - Correspondent for NBC News
Politics and government
- Richard V. Allen—Former United States National Security Advisor
- Bruce Babbitt—Former Secretary of the Interior and Governor of Arizona
- Mike Ferguson—U.S. Congressman
- Francis Harvey—United States Secretary of the Army
- Joe Kernan—Former Governor of Indiana
- William E. Miller—Nominee for Vice President in the 1964 U.S. presidential election
- Alan Page—Pro Football Hall of Famer and Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court
- Ernesto Pérez-Balladares —Former President of Panama
- Condoleezza Rice—United States Secretary of State
- Tim Roemer—Former U.S. Congressman and member of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission)
- Pedro Rosselló—Former Governor of Puerto Rico
- Mark Souder—U.S. Congressman
- Pete Visclosky—U.S. Congressman
- Steve Bartman -- Nemesis of the Chicago Cubs' 2003 Season
- Angelo Bertelli - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- Jerome Bettis - Professional Football Player
- Tim Brown - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- Nick Buoniconti - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Dave Casper - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- George Connor - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Leon Hart - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- John Huarte - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- Paul Hornung - Heisman Trophy Winner and Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Bill Laimbeer - Former Professional Basketball player, Professional Woman Basketball Coach
- Earl Lambeau - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Johnny Lattner - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- Johnny Lujack - Heisman Trophy Winner and Professional Football Player
- Kate Markgraf - Professional Soccer Player
- John McNally - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Wayne Millner - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Joe Montana - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Ron Powlus -College Football Quarterback who set records at Notre Dame
- Knute Rockne - Former Professional Football Player and Coach
- Daniel "Rudy" Ruettiger - Football Player depicted in the film Rudy
- Joe Theismann - Former Professional Football Player
- George Trafton - Pro Football Hall of Famer
- Ricky Watters - Former Professional Football Player
- Charlie Weis - Current Notre Dame Football Head Coach
- Jim Wetherbee - Astronaut
- Official university site
- Official Notre Dame athletics site
- Notre Dame Scholastic Magazine
- Notre Dame Television
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