Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
First Congressional District of Hawaii
The First Congressional District of Hawaii was officially established in 1971, defined as a result of a United States Census Bureau report of the previous year indicating an increase in the population of the state of Hawaii. The district encompasses the urban areas administered by the City & County of Honolulu, concentrated in the central plains and southern shores of the island of Oahu including the towns of Aiea, Mililani, Pearl City, Waipahu and Waimalu. The residents of the district are represented in the United States House of Representatives with an elected Congressman. From 1963 to the creation of the district, the state of Hawaii was represented in the United States House of Representatives with two Congressmen voted to at-large seats. Previous to 1963, the state of Hawaii had only one seat.
Based on laws adopted by the state of Hawaii, a candidate for the First Congressional District of Hawaii does not have to be a resident of the district. The first non-resident to attain the office was Patsy Mink, a resident of rural Honolulu with roots on the island of Maui. The home office of the First Congressional District of Hawaii is at the Prince Kuhio Federal Building near Honolulu Harbor.
- Patsy Mink, Democrat, 1971-1977
- Cecil Heftel, Democrat, 1977-1985
- Neil Abercrombie, Democrat, 1985-1987
- Pat Saiki, Republican, 1987-1991
- Neil Abercrombie, Democrat, 1991-Present
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